Continuing On with the Introduction:

" In etymology Adi, and Adhi Budha, the one (or the First) and “Supreme Wisdom” is a term used by Aryâsanga in his Secret treatises, and now by all the mystic Northern Buddhists. It is a Sanskrit term, and an appellation given by the earliest Aryans to the Unknown deity; the word “Brahmâ” not being found in the Vedas and the early works. It means the absolute Wisdom, and “Adi-bhûta” is translated “the primeval uncreated cause of all” by Fitzedward Hall. Æons of untold duration must have elapsed, before the epithet of Buddha was so humanized, so to speak, as to allow of the term being applied to mortals and finally appropriated to one whose unparalleled virtues and knowledge caused him to receive the title of the “Buddha of Wisdom unmoved” Bodha means the innate possession of divine intellect or “understanding”; “Buddha,” the acquirement of it by personal efforts and merit; while Buddhi is the faculty of cognizing the channel through which divine knowledge reaches the “Ego,” the discernment of good and evil, “divine conscience” also; and “Spiritual Soul,” which is the vehicle of Atma. “When Buddhi absorbs our EGO-tism (destroys it) with all its Vikaras, Avalôkitêshvara becomes manifested to us, and Nirvana, or Mukti, is reached,” “Mukti” being the same as Nirvana, i.e., freedom from the trammels of “Maya” or illusion. “Bodhi” is likewise the name of a particular state of trance condition, called Samadhi, during which the subject reaches the culmination of spiritual knowledge.

    Unwise are those who, in their blind and, in our age, untimely hatred of Buddhism, and, by reaction, of “Budhism,” deny its esoteric teachings (which are those also of the Brahmins), simply because the namesuggests what to them, as Monotheists, are noxious doctrines. Unwise is the correct term to use in their case. For the Esoteric philosophy is alone calculated to withstand, in this age of crass and illogical materialism, the repeated attacks on all and everything man holds most dear and sacred, in his inner spiritual life. The true philosopher, the student of the Esoteric Wisdom, entirely loses sight of personalities, dogmatic beliefs and special religions. Moreover, Esoteric philosophy reconciles all religions, strips every one of its outward, human garments, and shows the root of each to be identical with that of every other great religion. It proves the necessity of an absolute Divine Principle in nature. It denies Deity no more than it does the Sun. Esoteric philosophy has never rejected God in Nature, nor Deity as the absolute and abstract Ens. It only refuses to accept any of the gods of the so-called monotheistic religions, gods created by man in his own image and likeness, a blasphemous and sorry caricature of the Ever Unknowable. Furthermore, the records we mean to place before the reader embrace the esoteric tenets of the whole world since the beginning of our humanity, and Buddhistic occultism occupies therein only its legitimate place, and no more. Indeed, the secret portions of the “Dan” or “Jan-na” * (“Dhyan”) of Gautama’s metaphysics—grand as they appear to one unacquainted with the tenets of the Wisdom Religion of antiquity—are but a very small portion of the whole. The Hindu Reformer limited his public teachings to the purely moral and physiological aspect of the Wisdom-Religion, to Ethics and MAN alone. Things “unseen and incorporeal,” the mystery of Being outside our terrestrial sphere, the great Teacher left entirely untouched in his public lectures, reserving the hidden Truths for a select circle of his Arhats. The latter received their Initiation at the famous Saptaparna cave (the Sattapanni of Mahavansa) near Mount Baibhâr (the Webhâra of the Pali MSS.). This cave was in Rajagriha, the ancient capital of Mogadha, and was the Cheta cave of Fa-hian, as rightly suspected by some archæologists."

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It is said that ‘the nursery’ for our human adepts was established in the third root race of this round by the divine instructor(s)  (see SD I 207).  One can only wonder at the immensity of the Wisdom Religion given that it embraces all the occult knowledge that can be known in every root race from the Lemurian, Atlantean, Aryan through to the future sixth and seventh races of this round -   an overall period covering many millions of years if we accept the chronology given in the SD.  Yet, this current round is only the fourth round humanity on this planet. There are two more rounds each with their own seven races and 'knowledge' that will unfold over that time.  Maybe this gives us a small insight into why it is said that “buddhistic occultism” and “Gautama’s metaphysics” as grand as they are, are but “a very small portion of the whole.”

Would it be the case that all cosmic cycles, manvantaras and rounds, no matter how advanced compared to us, each have their own divine instructors and Wisdom Religion, so to speak?

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This is a good question.  It also raises the question of what our responsibility, as students of this wisdom, might be?

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Lots of mysterious references to esoteric sources in the introduction. Wikipedia has a decent short bit on Asanga: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asanga

A nice summary of the Yogācārabhūmi-śāstra

http://www.acmuller.net/yogacara/outlines/YBh-summary-utf8.htm

and a translation :

http://www.misterdanger.net/books/Buddhism%20Books/The%20buddhist%2...

There's an article, "The Origin and Growth of Esoteric Buddhism" in Studies in the Buddhistic Culture of India: During the Seventh and Eighth Centuries by Lal Mani Joshi that discusses the esoteric traditions associated with Asanga.

Here's some pictures of the Saptaparni cave:

http://www.thezensite.com/BuddhistPhotos/Rajgir.html

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Casady thank you kindly for these very helpful references.  Care to put one or two salient points from them into your own words?

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Here's a link to the Esoteric Buddhism article:

http://books.google.ca/books?id=-epU7NHNCOQC&pg=PA235&sourc...

On page 240, he gives references for the Buddhist esoteric traditions, with many Tibetan sources, that are attributed directly to Gautama Buddha and earlier - few modern scholars will actually give credence to the early dating of these accounts, however; they are considered legendary accounts. The dating notwithstanding, the study gives a pretty good overview of what consists of Buddhist esoteric traditions with many Tibetan sources, thereby corroborating HPB's accounts.

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Thank you Casady.  Good summary.